audio technologies First Overture DAC/Preamp
Key Kim___ November 2004
I was first introduced to George Bischoff at the 2003 International CES in Las Vegas. His George Mark Audio Technologies First Overture DAC/Pre-amplifier proved music to my ears played through the Nearfield Acoustics Pipe Dream loudspeakers (which he also co-designed) along with VAC’s newest amplifiers. I was struck by the overall naturalness, realism and soundstage capability of this setup. I was hungry to know more about this product.
|In some areas - naturalness, soundstage, midrange – it is the best DAC I’ve ever auditioned.|
|George Mark Audio Technologies is the brainchild of George Bischoff and Mark Moschella; both pioneers in high-end audio who established standards that are used by many audio designs to date. Both were also co-designers of the Nearfield Acoustics Pipedream loudspeakers. Considering Bischoff’s knowledge of electrical circuitry and past successes, there’s no wonder he’s considered the brainiac of the duo. Bischoff was co-designer, along with audio guru Mark Porzilli, behind the Melos Electronics fame of yesteryear. There, the team of Porzilli and Bischoff boasted a couple of audiophile firsts: Melos was the first company to produce a tubed CD player for the audiophile market. Additionally, the SHA-1 tube headphone amplifier was also a first of its kind leading the way to a new level of appreciation for a set of headphones. Bischoff, a connoisseur of music, classical being his forte, is also a season ticket holder at The Met in New York City (I’m told he can also play a mean Banjo too). True to his roots, after he and Moschella departed from Nearfield Acoustics, First Overture was born. After two years of intense R&D, Bischoff and Moschella hit upon a special combination using their respective skills, advanced technologies matched to REAL VALUE to produce this, their very first DAC and preamplifier built under their new company George Mark Audio.|
Clement Perry, I was given the opportunity to do a review of the First
Overture in my personal audio rig because he too has this unit sounding
quite extraordinary in his analogue rig (I assume this also may lead to a
follow-up review). I was eager to do the full review and hope to recreate
the impressions I experienced at the 2003 CES.
The First Overture arrived in two double-boxed corrugated cartons. It’s quite stout for a DAC/preamp; both the control unit and separate power supply are substantial. While unpacking the unit, I was immediately impressed by its look and feel. The First Overture’s construction quality is of very high standard, chassis and controls are well laid out, simple yet elegant. They feature superior fit and finish of machined steel, aluminum, and copper. The volume control is crafted of brushed aluminum that gives it a smooth feel and distinguished look against the chassis’ black palette. The separate power supply, this one being exactly the same size as the main control chassis (extra rack space is a must!), is said to also provide excellent RFI and EMI rejection as well. Connecting the two chassis is achieved via two supplied cables with RS232 connectors.
A front panel mounted input selector provides easy
selection, utilizing toggle switches: On/Off, Mute and a very rare Phase
toggle switch (reverses absolute phase). The LED identifies the position
of the Phase, displaying green for 0 degrees or “red” for 180 degrees.
There is a toggle selector that flips from Input 1 and 2 also located on
the front panel. Input 1 serves as the additional analog input for that
possible Phono-stage or that high-rez SACD/DVD-A player you might own. The
Input 2 selector is the First Overture’s digital input and thus completes
its DAC/pre qualifications. Located right above the input selector is the
up-sampling switch. With the flip of this switch the First Overture
upsamples standard 16/44 redbook CDs to 132.2 KHz. I did a number of long
listening evaluations with and without upsampling, and most of the time I
preferred upsampling. To me, there was better detail resolution and
smoother overall sound in the upsampling mode.
The rear of the First Overture supports both RCA and XLR digital inputs and an RCA input for another source such as a phono-stage. For those of you using modified DVD players without coax digital outputs will be happy to know this DAC has a Toslink input as well. According to Bischoff, the input selection is performed automatically by sensing the signal from the active input. A quartz crystal oscillator re-clocks the digital signal and purportedly eliminates all jitter.
The digital to
analog decoder features 24 bit/192 kHz capability and upsamples lower
standards up to 192 kHz. The analog stage consists of pure triode, true
balanced, Class A, zero feedback, employing four 6922 (6DJ8) vacuum tubes.
The First Overture is designed to drive any power amplifier directly from
its outputs. Gain is user adjustable thanks to internal DIP switches
designed to match the requirements of any power amplifier. The First
Overture incorporates two dual mono-differential amplifiers and two low
impedance differential output followers. I believe that power supply is
one of the most important areas in any high-end product—especially
Actually, when I first saw the First Overture, I was intrigued by this obviously overbuilt section. I discovered shortly thereafter this high performance power supply effortlessly feeds the power necessary to the digital processor for jitter and noise-free operation. Since digital sources are the greatest polluters in the power chain, true isolation eliminates cross-contamination to the rest of the system. This heavy-duty power supply chassis completes the true dual-mono circuitry. Separate power transformers for digital, left channel analogue, and right channel analogue circuits are used. Individual dual-mono voltage regulators for the amplifiers and heater circuits isolate these sensitive stages. Dual IEC connectors separate the digital and analog power supplies completely. As a result, two power cords are required.
|I ran the First Overture around the clock for about two weeks before doing any serious listening. Finally, with a nice cup of Java in one hand and my remote control in the other, the time had arrived. CD after CD was placed into my transport and from the start it was obvious: the First Overture is of true reference caliber. As good as my Kora Hermes II. The First Overture took me to another level of listening quality, ease and that wonderful sense of enjoyment. At once, the presentation of the music took on a more realistic and natural sound. That’s a lot to say when you consider how much I loved my Kora Hermes|
to Haydn’s Cello Concerto in C, H. No.1 (Ph.Dig. 420 923-2), performed by
Heinrich Schiff (left) and the maestro Sir Neville Marriner, conducting
Academy of St. Martin-In The Fields-the First Overture sounded
exceptionally lifelike. The sound possessed a certain magic that tube
lovers can immediately identify with, neither fatigue nor aggressive
sounding with a very sweet and extended treble. The First Overture
compelled me to turn up the volume to hear the swell of this recording.
Schiff took center stage, well in the front of the orchestra. The
orchestra itself remained behind Schiff in realistic space amidst a very
deep and wide soundstage. With the First Overture, the performers, the
stage, the space, and the ambience were more distinct, giving a very
realistic canvas to this recording.
The First Overture sounds startlingly natural and its portrayal of individual images was just magnificent. Listening to one of my favorite chamber music pieces, Haydn‘s String Quartet in D major, op. 64 no. 5 “The Lark” (DG 423 622-2) performed by Hagen Quartet, the First Overture’s rendering of the strings was so natural that the timbre of the individual instruments was presented in a way that I could only describe as magical. It was able to delineate with greater ease, each instrument’s harmonics, size, and shape. Subtle details such as pitch variation and bowing texture were apparent. Individual images were reproduced remarkably; the space, size and three-dimensionality were amazingly accurate. It gave me the sense that if I closed my eyes I could imagine, the Hagen Quartet in the room performing. The strings sounded like silk, never edgy nor harsh even when playing loud. Everything stayed in its place. I became deeply involved with the music and forgot about the electronics. Isn’t that what this hobby is all about?
Overture’s effect on my system’s spatial performance was equally
impressive. The soundstaging was superb, defined entirely by what was on
the recording. The soundstages of the Edvard Grieg’s “Peer Gynt” op.23
Incidental Music to Ibsen’s Play (Ph 411 038-2) extended beyond the
speakers’ outer edges and far beyond my listening room’s front wall,
making the speakers vanish. The crescendos not only got louder, the sound
gets bigger, filling the hall’s space completely without being aggressive
and the picture never turned hard. The overall presentation was positively
dazzling. It was clear that First Overture plays all types of music
equally well, whether chamber, symphonic or jazz.
The First Overture communicated music’s inevitable flow with a relaxed precision that was seductive and absolutely addictive. The midrange is smooth, textured, colorful, and, on some recordings, it sounds lush and, yes, tube-like. Would I call it tubey? Not really. Actually, there was no excess warmth, bloat, or reduction in frequency extremes. The First Overture’s ability to conjure the human voice is simply out of this world. On one of my favorite’s, I’m in the Mood for Love on “Jacintha Is Her Name” (GRV1014-2), there was a magic, richness and roundness in her vocals, that invited me in every time. Her presence factor was so incredible it was spooky. It made me believe that I actually could reach out and touch her.
Mark Audio Technologies First Overture DAC Preamplifier is a superb DAC
preamplifier- pretty much everything I’d want in a DAC and preamplifier.
It did everything in an outstanding way. In some areas - naturalness,
soundstage, midrange – it is the best DAC I’ve ever auditioned. Its
pairing with my reference system was magical, never fatiguing to my ears;
it was a beautiful musical experience. The only downside of this high-wire
act is the need for extra rack space to support its monstrous power supply
and the need for an additional AC cord. In my opinion, it’s well worth it
because its asking price is much less than I expected considering what a
great value this product is. Consider again, this is an all-tube preamp
with a built in DAC that is every bit as good as some of the best I’ve
|At $ 5,990.00, the First Overture DAC preamplifier is not cheap, but experiencing it in my reference system, I consider it to be very reasonably priced especially in today’s competitive market. In the end not only did I nominate it as my choice for Most Wanted Component 2004, I bought the review sample!|
24 bit/192 kHz capability
THD+N (0dBFS, 1 kHz): 96dB
Dynamic Range: 106 dB
Signal to Noise ratio : -96dB
CD Decoding: 44.1 kHz
DVD Decoding: 96 kHZ
CD Up-sampling: 132.3 kHz
CD Network: 176.4 kHz (call for information)
DVD Network: 192 kHz (when available)
Vacuum Tube Analog Circuitry:
Maximum Gain: 20 dB
Maximum Output: 20 Volt
THD + IMD: 0.01%
S/N ratio better then 90 db
Dual-Mono circuitry, 3 separate power supplies
Two power cords are required
Balanced XLR Outputs
RCA SE Outputs
RCA Analog Inputs
George mark audio technologies
P.O. Box 2986 Westfield, New Jersey, 07091-2986
Toll Free Phone: 877 272 1567